How can satellites monitor biodiversity?

Indirectly !

Satellite data can be used to estimate deforestation, to estimate land cover changes in specific ecosystems, to track fires in near real-time, to monitor the reduction of a specie habitat, etc.

All these satellites observations give information on ecosystems health and biodiversity levels.

This and much more to be discovered in the tutorial on
Natural resources management!

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Forest fruits
Forest fruits from Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Source: Wikimedia Commons, Christian Ziegler.

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